9/29/08

Asia Tribune defines Barack, pt. 4

More collectivism stories: here
• "Asia Tribune defines Barack, part 1" • "part 2"• "part 3"

The eyes of the world turn to Barack's America

If potential presidents can be judged by how they run their campaigns, then how they staff those efforts may provide important clues to the kinds of talents they would recruit for their administrations. Because Democrat Barack Obama is a relative newcomer to national politics, an examination of his inner circle of political and policy advisers offers new windows into his thinking, leadership style, and sources of expertise, wrote America’s foremost and influential National Journal in its March 31, 2008 edition.

Barack Obama’s foreign policy advisors are “more likely to stress ‘soft power’ issues like human rights, global development and the dangers of failed states.Barack Obama’s foreign policy advisors are “more likely to stress ‘soft power’ issues like human rights, global development and the dangers of failed states.

The composition of this team, Asian Tribune found, is most interesting and revealing when connected to the Senator’s own background and connections presented to the readers in the previous three installments.

In three previous installments, Asian Tribune gave an insight to conservatism and liberalism in U.S. politics, Obama’s political mentor in his teen years and his connections to the socialist movement.

As much as the background of his inner policy team is vital to understand this ‘most undefined’ candidate, it is also important to highlight where these individuals stood on many salient policies such as countering terrorism, striking a balance between national security and human rights, intervention to protect human rights and humanitarian assistance to combat zones that can be attributed to the policy platform Barack Obama has already developed and almost established.

The question raised here for the readers to stop for a moment and ponder is whether the foundation that was laid to develop a mind-set can be attributed to Obama’s association with radicals, progressives and anti-status quo activists in the formative years and during adulthood. Whether those associations, influences and what he derived in the past reflected in his decisions to summon a particular group of political and policy advisers. And, most importantly, to probe whether the composition of this inner circle and advisers together with his developed mind-set led to the emergence of important policy planks of his overall agenda now before the American people. And, what role those policy planks will play should he become the president on January 20, 2009. How will these fit in to the volatile Asian Region is the most asked question in these series Asian Tribune presents to you.

As The Nation, a well read newspaper with a popular Web Page, put it, Barack Obama’s foreign policy advisors are “more likely to stress ‘soft power’ issues like human rights, global development and the dangers of failed states.” It’s a group that has elevated wishful thinking to a policy. They generally believe that Saddam could have been contained; offer no coherent strategy for dealing with terrorism; maintain an almost mystical belief in the value of negotiations with tyrannies; favor the power of positive propaganda and “engagement”; and, are overly enthusiastic about disarmament, and international institutions and agreements.

At the first presidential debate held on September 26 Senator Obama reiterated his belief that negotiations produce better results in contrast to Republican presidential candidate Senator McCain’s hard line position when it comes to terrorism and dealing with countries that are hostile to the United States.

Last June the Washington Think Tank Council on Foreign Relations determined that Senator Obama’s foreign policy rests on the United States talking not only to its friends but also to its adversaries. Negotiating with adversaries has been promoted by some of the key policy advisers of the Democratic candidate.

Sen. Barack Obama's foreign policy agenda has emphasized multilateralism and reinvigorated diplomacy to advance U.S. interests. He has pledged to take steps to end the war in Iraq soon after taking office, to negotiate with the leadership of U.S. adversaries like Iran and Cuba, and to revamp the U.S. approach to free trade to bolster labor and environmental protections. Obama has attracted as advisers a number of top foreign policy experts who served under President Bill Clinton. Those advisers tend to be more independent from party orthodoxy on foreign policy issues, analysts say. Obama's top advisers were opposed to the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003, although a number of prominent Democrats, including Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY), supported the action at the time. Obama's advisers generally appear to agree with his belief that it is "important for the United States not just to talk to its friends but also to talk to its enemies.

A New Foreign Policy Vision

Obama was elected to the Senate in 2005 and serves on the Foreign Relations Committee. Prior to that, his professional experience was primarily confined to the State of Illinois, where he served as a state legislator representing a Chicago district, and before that, a community activist. He has cited his personal background-his Kenyan-born father and a youth spent in Indonesia-as crucial to the development of his world view. Like other presidential campaigns, Obama draws on a long list of advisers on foreign policy matters. The most senior include several ranking Clinton administration officials, the Brookings Institution's Susan E. Rice, former National Security Adviser Anthony Lake, and former Navy Secretary Richard Danzig.

"This is a team that's very reflective of Obama, who has made it pretty clear in his speeches and statements during the campaign that he believes that diplomacy has been undervalued over the past few years and that the United States shouldn't fear to negotiate," says Derek Chollet, a senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security who advised John Edwards' presidential campaign.

If Obama wins the general election in November, his foreign policy and economic agendas will surely break with the legacies of the Bush administration, experts say. "Whether it's our approach to torture, or climate change, or how we're dealing with Iran, to Iraq, to the Middle East peace process you're going to see significant changes," says Chollet, who is not connected to the Obama campaign.

It is important to ascertain as to how Mr. Obama’s developed foreign policy planks in collaboration with a group of veteran foreign policy and national security fit into the Asian Region, one of the key objectives of the series of these Asian Tribune articles.

Top of the list of Barack Obama’s foreign policy and national security advisers is Anthony Lake, a former National Security Adviser to President Clinton.

Anthony Lake

At the National Democratic Institute’s (NDI) International Leaders Forum held the final day of the Democratic National Convention on August 28 at which some 500 international leaders participated according to the NDI website Anthony Lake told the panelists and the attendees that Barack Obama displays integrative thinking. He explained this as an ability to look at the big picture. Obama's plan to combat terrorism integrates many different strategies: integrating U.S. military, economic and diplomatic power AND America’s moral authority into the struggle against terrorism.

Dr. Lake, a former Clinton White House National Security Adviser, pronounced an important policy plank of an Obama Administration that after eight years of neglect, the United States, under Obama administration, will integrate and rebuild the military, abide by the Constitution and restore diplomacy, Lake said, because “power without diplomacy is dangerous.”

He further noted U.S. needs to foster a concept of common security, and Barack Obama understands that what happens elsewhere in the world impacts the United States. “We must work together with other countries to solve common challenges.”

Anthony Lake was a national security adviser to President Clinton and is now a professor at Georgetown University's Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service. Lake served under President Clinton during several major foreign policy crises, including the conflicts in Bosnia and Somalia, among others. Lake advocated keeping a U.S. presence in Somalia even after many voices in the United States called for a withdrawal. In an interview with PBS' Frontline, Lake said, "I still believe that if we had immediately turned tail in Somalia, there would have been other similar tragedies around the world."

On the crisis in Sudan's Darfur region, in 2006, Lake, with Susan Rice, urged the United States to "press for a UN resolution that issues Sudan an ultimatum: accept unconditional deployment of the UN force within one week or face military consequences." In a Washington Post op-ed, Lake and Rice argued that the United States could also intervene in Darfur without UN approval. "The United States acted without UN blessing in 1999 in Kosovo to confront a lesser humanitarian crisis (perhaps 10,000 killed) and a more formidable adversary," they wrote.

The Asian Region should note the following:

Mr. Lake, like Obama's other top advisers, is critical of the Iraq war. In a January 2007 Boston Globe op-ed, Lake wrote that the civilian leaders of the war effort have failed to understand that "you cannot fix another country's politics and resolve its internal fractures primarily through military means, coupled with floundering political, economic, and social programs that create as much dependency, corruption, and resentment as progress."

In an April 01, 2008 interview to ABC TV Network Dr. Lake said that the United States should “stand strong against radicalism, but with greater sensitivity when problem-solving.”

He then noted “The stance on war is not so much an ideological question as a practical one. Just like capturing terrorists: this must be done with all severity and efficacy, while respecting civil rights.”

To a question asked by the ABC when he advised President Clinton on the intervention in Bosnia whether he (Lake) was already sure then that the conclusion had to be the independence of Kosovo to which Dr. Anthony Lake replied “Yes, totally. Independence has always been an irreversible objective. They have sufficient memory in the Balkans. The vast majority wants to live in peace with Serbia, and this is the only way. While protecting the minorities, of course.” Here is an example of a catastrophic result when U.S. assistance is cut, reduced or denied to a country that was facing an internal insurgency:

Anthony Lake’s own attitude towards the totalitarian threat in Southeast Asia was displayed in his March 1975 Washington Post article, “At Stake in Cambodia: Extending Aid Will Only Prolong the Killing.” The prediction contained in Lake’s title proved exactly wrong. It was not a small mistake for someone who in 1992 would be placed in charge of America’s national security apparatus. Lake’s article was designed to rally Democratic Party opposition to a presidential request for emergency aid to the Cambodian regime. The aid was required to contain the threat posed by Communist leader Pol Pot and his insurgent Khmer Rouge forces.

At the time, Republicans warned that if the aid was cut, the regime would fall and a “bloodbath” would ensue. This fear was solidly based on reports that had begun accumulating three years earlier concerning “the extraordinary brutality with which the Khmer Rouge were governing the civilian population in areas they controlled.” But Anthony Lake and the Democrat-controlled Congress dismissed these warnings as so much “anti-Communist hysteria” and voted to deny aid.

In his Washington Post article,Dr. Lake advised fellow Democrats to view the Khmer Rouge not as a totalitarian force—which it was—but as a coalition embracing “many Khmer nationalists, Communist and non-Communist,” who only desired independence. It would be a mistake, he wrote, to alienate Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge lest we “push them further into the arms of their Communist supporters.” Lake’s myopic left-wing views prevailed among the Democrats, and the following year the new president, Jimmy Carter, rewarded Lake with an appointment as Policy Planning Director of the State Department.

In Cambodia, the termination of U.S. aid led immediately to the collapse of the government allowing the Khmer Rouge to seize power within months of the congressional vote. The victorious revolutionaries proceeded to implement their plans for a new Communist utopia by systematically eliminating their opposition. In the next three years they killed nearly 2 million Cambodians, a campaign universally recognized as one of the worst genocides ever recorded.

Dr. Lake’s influence was seen when Obama announced that he was prepared to negotiate/talk with nations and leaders that the Bush administration has labeled as terrorist nationals and leaders. He is in favor of encouraging a dialogue with rebel/terrorist groups.

These sentiments were reflected at the recently concluded presidential debate.

The Asian Tribune presents these facts in detail because Dr. Anthony Lake is destined to be a key foreign policy and national security adviser in an Obama-Biden administration along with Dr. Susan Rice.

Anthony Lake is Distinguished Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University. Dr. Lake served as Assistant to the President Bill Clinton for National Security Affairs. He joined the U.S. Foreign Service in 1962 and his State Department career included assignments as U.S. Vice Consul in Saigon and Hue, Special Assistant to the National Security Advisor, and Director of Policy Planning in the Carter Administration. Dr. Lake was Five College Professor of International Relations at Mount Holyoke College and has also worked for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and International Voluntary Services. He is the author of several books, including Somoza Falling and the "Tar Baby" Option: American Policy Toward Southern Rhodesia, and co-author of Our Own Worst Enemy: The Unmasking of American Foreign Policy. In addition, he edited After the Wars and was a contributing editor to Legacy of Vietnam: The War, American Society and the Future of U.S. Foreign Policy. Dr. Lake received his Ph.D. from Princeton University.

Dr. Susan Rice: Foreign Policy Adviser

At the August 28 National Democratic Institute’s International Leaders Forum Dr. Susan Rice, the other top foreign policy guide of Democratic candidate Barack Obama spelled out several policy planks of the Senator’s foreign policy.

Obama "recognizes that we share common security needs and a common humanity," and that we should be promoting and enhancing democracy throughout the world. "Obama knows that democracy cannot be imposed through the barrel of a gun," said Rice. We should strengthen democratic capacities at the global level; take a collaborative approach," she continued. "We can’t risk doing what divisive plans do; they set us apart from our allies. No more 'with us or you’re against us.'”

Dr. Susan Rice is currently a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C. At Brookings, Dr. Rice is affiliated jointly with the Foreign Policy and Governance Studies Programs where she is examining the national security implications of global poverty and inequality, transnational security threats, new strategies for corporate social responsibility investing. She also serves as an independent consultant and speaker.

Prior to this, Rice was Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs from 1997-2001. In this capacity, she formulated and implemented overall US policy towards 48 countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, including political, economic, security and humanitarian issues. She oversaw management of 43 US Embassies, over 5000 U.S. and Foreign Service national employees, a Bureau operating budget of over $100 million and a program budget of approximately $160 million, annually.

From 1995-1997, Dr. Rice also served as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs at the National Security Council (NSC) and, from 1993-1995, as Director for International Organizations and Peacekeeping at the NSC. Prior to her White House tenure, Rice was a management consultant at McKinsey and Company in Toronto, where she served clients in oil and gas, steel, transportation, retail, public/non-governmental and pulp/paper sectors.

Dr. Rice was the co-recipient of the White House’s 2000 Samuel Nelson Drew Memorial Award for distinguished contributions to the formation of peaceful, cooperative relationships between states. She was awarded the Chatham House-British International Studies Association Prize for the most distinguished doctoral dissertation in the United Kingdom in the field of International Relations. Dr. Rice is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and serves on several boards including the National Democratic Institute, the U.S. Fund for UNICEF and the Internews Corporation.

Rice received B.A. in History from Stanford and an M.Phil. from Oxford, where she was a Rhodes Scholar. She also received a D.Phil. (Ph.D) in International Relations from Oxford.

Mark Lippert

Mr. Lippert came to Senator Obama after working on the Senate Appropriations Committee’s Foreign Operations Subcommittee for five years and has handled foreign policy and defense issues for the Senate Democratic Policy Committee.

Lippert has accompanied Obama on the four international trips he has undertaken. Lippert has a Master’s from Stanford in international policy, has had a hand in every major Obama speech and statement on international affairs and deals with the senator daily.

Senator Joseph Biden

Senator Joseph Biden, a veteran foreign policy expert for 35 years in the United States Senate who currently chairs the powerful Senate Foreign Relations Committee, has been an influence on Senator Barack Obama on foreign policy for some time.

Barack Obama’s selection of Senator Joe Biden as his vice presidential candidate drew mixed reviews in Iraq because of his advocacy to divide the country into autonomous regions along sectarian and ethnic lines.

It was his lack of foreign policy and national security credentials that Barack Obama selected Senator Biden to be his vice presidential running mate.

The presidential debate on 26 September though Obama scored against McCain on the domestic economic front Senator McCain proved strong on national security and foreign policy.

In mid-2006 Biden, then the Ranking Member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee proposed three ethnically divided autonomous regions for Iraq.

Mr. Biden’s so-called soft-partition plan — a variation of the blueprint dividing up Bosnia in 1995 — calls for dividing Iraq into three semi-autonomous regions, held together by a central government. There would be a loose Kurdistan, a loose Shiastan and a loose Sunnistan, all under a big, if weak, Iraq umbrella.

“The idea, as in Bosnia, is to maintain a united Iraq by decentralizing it, giving each ethno-religious group — Kurd, Sunni Arab and Shiite Arab — room to run its own affairs, while leaving the central government in charge of common interests,” Senator Biden wrote in The New York Times Op-Ed column on May 1, 2006. “We could drive this in place with irresistible sweeteners for the Sunnis to join in, a plan designed by the military for withdrawing and redeploying American forces, and a regional nonaggression pact,” he wrote.

USA Today editorial on August 25 said: “Biden’s command of foreign policy and his acquaintance with foreign leaders are impressive assests, but they don’t guarantee good judgment. He’s been wrong on Iraq, voting against the 1991 war to oust Saddam Hussein from Kuwait but for the resolution that President Bush used to justify his reckless 2003 invasion.”

The time will tell how much influence Joe Biden will exercise on Barack Obama on areas of foreign policy and national security in an Obama-Biden administration.

National Security Advisers

Senator Barack Obama has stressed his commitment to winning the battle against Taliban forces in Afghanistan. He has also vowed that he would pursue al-Qaeda elements into Pakistan, with or without government permission, if he had strong intelligence the group was planning an attack on the United States.

Obama's leading national security advisers include:

Denis McDonough, senior fellow at the Center for American Progress, is the national security coordinator for Obama's campaign. McDonough was foreign policy adviser to former Senate Democratic Leader Tom Daschle. McDonough has been outspoken on energy and environmental policy. In June 2007, McDonough urged the Group of Eight (G8) to take action to combat climate change, and warned that current levels of development assistance are "woefully insufficient" to help underdeveloped nations deal with climate change. McDonough has also said that the United States should do more to "promote the development of our domestic clean energy sector industry." McDonough said on a Brookings Institution panel in May 2007 that it is "far past time" for the United States to institute a cap-and-trade system mandating "very aggressive reductions" in greenhouse gases, with the goal of an 80 percent reduction over 1990 levels by 2050.

McDonough told a March 2008 Brookings Institution panel that the United States should "set a clear deadline" for troop withdrawal from Iraq in order to reduce the federal budget deficit and help solve the current economic crisis. He also said setting a deadline would send a message to the Iraqi leadership about the urgency of political reconciliation.

Richard Danzig, Sam Nunn Prize fellow in international security at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, is also a consultant to the Department of Defense on bioterrorism. Danzig was Navy secretary in the Clinton administration.

In a 2007 Armed Forces Journal roundtable, Danzig said U.S. grand security strategy should "aim to keep us and our allies free to pursue our interests and values, to reduce the amount of armed conflict in the world and to protect our citizens as much as possible (both at home and abroad) from the conflict that exists." He said U.S. defense strategy should not "over-design our military on the premise that a particular scenario, type of conflict or type of unit is the be-all and end-all."

In his role as bio weapons consultant to the Pentagon, Danzig has warned against several possible scenarios involving terrorist use of biological warfare. In 2004, Danzig said it was becoming increasingly likely that a terrorist group could create biological weapons. "It seems likely that, over a period between a few months and a few years, broadly skilled individuals equipped with modest laboratory equipment can develop biological weapons," Danzig told the Washington Post. "Only a thin wall of terrorist ignorance and inexperience now protects us."

Jonathan Scott Gration, a retired two-star general in the Air Force, is CEO of Millennium Villages, a project based on the UN Millennium Development Goals aimed at lifting African villages out of poverty. Gration speaks Swahili and spent much of his childhood in Congo.

He was director of strategy, policy, and assessments for the United States European Command in Germany. A veteran of the 1991 Gulf War, Gration also served as Commander of Task Force West during the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq before retiring. He now supports Obama's proposal to withdraw combat troops from Iraq, although he told the New York Sun in August 2007, "if it's very clear that the al-Maliki government is making significant progress, that we're turning the tide, it would be crazy not to re-adjust" that plan. Gration noted that he was not commenting on behalf of the Obama campaign in that instance.

Gration has expressed support for Obama's stated willingness to hunt al-Qaeda operatives into Pakistan. "The United States has to be willing to pursue these terrorists to where they're planning their logistics operations," Gration told Newsweek in August 2007. Gration also has called for a reduction in nuclear weapons in the U.S. arsenal and worldwide.

Sarah Sewall is a lecturer in public policy at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government and director of Harvard's Carr Center for Human Rights Policy. Sewall was deputy assistant secretary of defense for peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance during the Clinton administration.

Sewall collaborated with Gen. David Petraeus to rewrite the Army and Marine Corps counterinsurgency field guide. In a Washington Post op-ed, Sewall said the guide stressed the need for counterinsurgent forces to integrate into the population, "assuming more physical risk to soldiers." She also said humanitarian assistance and construction projects are "critical to the fight." Sewall also criticized the Bush "surge" strategy as having "too few capable U.S., allied and Iraqi counterinsurgent forces; weak U.S. efforts at promoting political and economic reform; and corrupt or feckless Iraqi institutions and leadership." In a Foreign Service Journal article in 2007, Sewall called for a national doctrine that clearly delineates civilian and military responsibilities in nation building during a counterinsurgency campaign.

David Axelrod – Obama’s Political Advisor:

Axelrod is the most important person in the Obama campaign. As much as Karl Rove was the ‘architect’ of George W. Bushes rise to power, Axelrod was the strategist and architect of bringing an obscure community organizer from South Side Chicago to the national scene. Axelrod’s expertise, strategy and manipulations greatly worked for Barack Obama to become the Democratic Party nominee for the November presidential election defeating the most powerful ‘Clinton Machine’.

National Journal (03/31/08) reported: (Axelrod) met Obama in the early 1990s when he was a community organizer leading a voter-registration drive on the South Side. Former political reporter, Axelrod, 53, left the Chicago Tribune in 1984 to become press secretary for then-Representative Paul Simon, D-Ill., who was running for the Senate. He soon took over as campaign manager. After Simon won, Axelrod formed a political consulting firm in Chicago and quickly establish himself as a fixture in Windy City politics, as well as statewide. In 1989, Axelrod went to work for Richard M. Daley in his first successful bid to be Chicago’s mayor, and remained close to the Daley machine ever since.

No one successfully navigates the Byzantine and bare-knuckles world of Illinois politics without causing at least a bit of controversy, and Axelrod has been criticized over the years for some hard-hitting television spots.

Since 2002, Axelrod’s firm, AKP&D Message and Media, has worked on 42 primary or general election contests around the country and helped win 33 of them. Axelrod was a media consultant for John Edward’s 2004 presidential bid.

“What David is basically doing — and this is somewhat new for Democrats — isn’t trying to figure out how to sell policies,” says the Democratic media consultant Saul Shorr. “It’s a matter of personality. How do we sell leadership?”

April 1, 2007 The New York Times wrote the following about David Axelrod: Axelrod has known Obama longer than any of his other close political advisers and, other campaign officials say, is now Obama’s chief strategist and someone he “trusts implicitly.”

Axelrod has been intimately involved with the staffing of the campaign (David Plouffe, who was a partner in Axelrod’s consulting firm, is now Obama’s campaign manager), with its strategy and pacing and with the scrubbing of its message and language. Because of the vastness of the operation, Axelrod has had to hire other media consultants to help him develop commercials; his own role, he says, will be as “keeper of the message.” One senior campaign adviser told me: “Barack is a no-drama kind of guy. He’s not looking for a person or a group of people that bring their own set of dramas to the operation. What [Obama] gets from David is no nonsense.”

Axelrod met Obama when the senator was 30 years old and coordinating a voter-registration drive in Chicago and Betty Lou Saltzman, a doyenne of progressive politics in Chicago, suggested that the two get to know each other. In the 15 years since, Axelrod has worked through Obama’s life story again and again, scouring it for usable political material, and he believes that some basic themes come through: that he is “not wedded to any ideological frame or dogma,” that he is “an outsider rather than someone who’s spent years in the dens of Georgetown,” that he is an “agent for change” and has the optimism and dynamism of a fresh, young face. Axelrod knows that each of these characteristics has its flip side —optimism can be read as naïveté, independence as ideological unmooredness, unjadedness for a lack of experience and bipartisanship as an instinct to avoid necessary combat.

And, here’s what the mainstream media in the United States have so far failed to reveal about David Axelrod’s not-so-known background which Asian Tribune research found:

David Axelrod’s political heroes are John F. Kennedy and Robert Kennedy, and he has consistently worked on the campaigns of liberal and far-left candidates.

His parents were both liberals. His father, Joseph Axelrod, was a psychologist in New York City and his mother Myril was a writer.

Myril Axelrod was formally a writer for PM, a leftist tabloid newspaper published from 1940 to 1948 in New York City.

The paper was founded by Ralph McAllister Ingersoll, a liberal who thought he could use Communists on his staff to help with the circulation of the paper. The Communists, however, used the paper for their own purposes and he lost influence over the magazine after entering the Army.

One web site to which Asian Tribune research extended says they have been unable to determine if Axelrod’s mother was a liberal who considered the Soviet Union a slave state or a Marxist-leaning liberal who viewed the Soviet Union as a humane society. However, the Web Site freerepublic.com confidently says that her liberalism was obviously infused into the mind of David Axelrod and is what still apparently motivates him to support leftist candidates.

The Web Site writes: The radicalism of Frank Marshall Davis that was planted in a young Barack Obama appears to have taken root – and the son of a writer for a Communist-dominated newspaper – is running Obama’s political campaign to help him become President.

Foot Note: The credentials, pronouncements, beliefs, upbringing and philosophies of close policy advisers speak a great deal of the candidate himself. This is the closest group that will associate in the Obama administration, and they are the ones who will help Mr. Obama to formulate foreign, national security, overseas assistance, counter-terrorism etc, policies which will have an impact on the Asian region and worldwide.

Part Five: The Asian Tribune will discuss Barack Obama’s policies on terrorism and countering terrorism, rule of law, several aspects of his foreign policy planks and how he views human rights and civil liberties.

(asiantribune.com)

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