Women enlist in the U.S. Marine Corps for the first time; Opha Mae Johnson is the first (1918)
The Central African Republic declares independence from France (1960)
The German Democratic Republic closes the border between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin to thwart its inhabitants' attempts to escape to the West (1961)
156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi (2004)
At a White House Iftar Dinner celebrating the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, President B. Hussein Obama announces his support for an Islamic Center near New York's Ground Zero (2010)
b: Fidel Castro (1926), Lars Engqvist (1945); d: David Lange (2005), Dobby Walker (2009), Helen Gurley Brown (2012)
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