Mexico ratifies the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo thus ending the war and ceding California, Nevada, Utah and parts of four other modern-day U.S. states to the United States for $15 million (1848)
The U.S. Congress passes the Emergency Quota Act establishing national quotas on immigration (1921)
The Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union is established (1922)
A birthday salute to President John F. Kennedy takes place at Madison Square Garden in New York City; the highlight is Marilyn Monroe's rendition of "Happy Birthday Mr. President" (1962)
The Firearm Owners Protection Act is signed into law by U.S. President Ronald Reagan (1986)
President B. Hussein Obama issues an edict for new automobile fuel efficiency standards by 2016, in order to reduce the U.S. contribution to so-called global warming (2009)
b: Henri de Saint-Simon (1825), Ho Chi Minh (1890), Pol Pot (1928), Malcolm X (1925), James P. Hoffa (1941); d: Philipp Bouhler (1945), Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (1994)
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