The first Communist International meets in Moscow (1919)
The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signs a surprise collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the industry (1937)
Ho Chi Minh is elected the President of North Vietnam (1946)
Nelson Mandela elected deputy President of the African National Congress (1990)
Al-Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500 (2004)
President B. Hussein Obama nominates Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius to be Secretary of Health and Human Services (2009)
b: Mikhail Gorbachev (1931); d: Lolo Soetoro (1987)
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