Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish The Communist Manifesto (1848)
The New Yorker publishes its first issue (1925)
The British government, under Winston Churchill, abolishes identity cards in the UK to "set the people free" (1952)
Fidel Castro nationalizes all businesses in Cuba (1960)
b: Robert Mugabe (1924), Barbara Jordan (1926), John Lewis (1940), David Geffen (1943), Olympia Snowe (1947); d: Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino (1934), Malcolm X (1965)
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