Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry gerrymanders for the first time (1812)
Emma Goldman is arrested for lecturing on birth control (1916)
Fascist Italy and the Vatican sign the Lateran Treaty (1929)
A sit-down strike ends when General Motors recognizes the United Auto Workers union (1937)
The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel (1953)
TIME Magazine's Jay Carney replaces Robert Gibbs as President B. Hussein Obama's White House Press Secretary (2011)
b: James Cannon (1890), Manuel Noriega (1938), Jeb Bush (1953); d: A. J. Muste (1967)
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