Finland – Independence Day (from Russia, 1917)
The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, banning slavery (1865)
A coal mine explosion at Monongah, West Virginia kills 362 workers (1907)
Meredith Hunter is killed by the Hells Angels during The Rolling Stones' concert at the Altamont Speedway in California (1969)
Hugo Chávez Frías is elected President of Venezuela (1998)
President B. Hussein Obama announces a deal with Congressional Republicans extending the Bush Era tax cuts (2010)
b: Joyce Kilmer (1886); d: Frantz Fanon (1961), Philip Berrigan (2002)
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