Calvin Coolidge is sworn in as the 30th POTUS following the death of Warren G. Harding the previous day (1923)
Adolf Hitler of the National Socialist German Workers Party becomes the supreme leader of Germany by joining the offices of President and Chancellor into Führer (1934)
Italy, under Benito Mussolini, invades British Somaliland (1940)
Whittaker Chambers accuses Alger Hiss of being a communist and a spy for the Soviet Union (1948)
b: Jack Straw (1946); d: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (2008)
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