Simón Bolívar triumphs over Spain in the Battle of Boyacá (1819)
The U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces (1964)
California judge Harold Haley is taken hostage in his courtroom and killed, using a weapon provided by Angela Davis, during in an effort to free George Jackson from police custody (1970)
Jihadi terrorist bombings at U.S. embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya kill at least 212 people (1998)
b: Frank Fitzsimmons (1908), Jonathan Pollard (1954), Mickey Leland (1989), Mark Hatfield (2011)
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