Fanya Kaplan, an assassin, shoots and seriously injures Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin; this, along with the assassination of Bolshevik senior official Moisei Uritsky days earlier, prompts the decree for Red Terror (1918)
Hotline between U.S. and Soviet leaders goes into operation (1963)
Tatarstan declares independence from the RSFSR (1990)
While being towed across the Barents Sea, the de-commissioned Russian submarine K-159 sinks, taking 9 of her crew and 800 kg of spent nuclear fuel with her (2003)
b: Huey Long (1893), Molly Ivins (1944), d: Konstantin Rodzaevsky (1946), Guy Burgess (1963)
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