Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, and his brother Hyrum Smith, are murdered by a mob at the Carthage, Illinois jail (1844)
The U.S. decides to send troops to fight in the Korean War (1950)
U.S. president Richard Nixon visits the Soviet Union (1974)
The International Court of Justice finds against the U.S. in its judgment in the LaGrand Case (2001)
President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe is re-elected in a landslide after his opponent Morgan Tsvangirai had withdrawn a week earlier, citing violence against his party's supporters (2008)
b: Emma Goldman (1869), Bruce Babbitt (1938); d: Maximilian von Weichs (1954)
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