President Woodrow Wilson sends 12,000 U.S. troops over the U.S.-Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa (1916)
Czar Nicholas II of Russia abdicates the Russian throne and his brother the Grand Duke becomes Tsar (1917)
Dictator Theodoros Pangalos is elected President of Greece without opposition (1926)
Mikhail Gorbachev is elected as the first executive president of the Soviet Union (1990)
b: Élisée Reclus (1830), Berthold von Stauffenberg (1905), Mark J. Green (1945); d: William McFetridge (1969), Aristotle Onassis (1975), Benjamin Spock (1998)
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