Protest in Amsterdam against National Socialist Workers Party anti-Jewish laws (1941)
The Communist Party takes control of government in Czechoslovakia and the Third Republic ends (1948)
Germany gives $5 million to an Arab terrorist as ransom for the passengers and crew of a hijacked jumbo jet (1969)
President Barack Obama cancels leases for shale oil development on 1,900,000 acres of federal land in Colorado, Utah and Wyoming (2009)
b: Rudolf Steiner (1861), Vyacheslav Molotov (1890); d: George "Bugs" Moran (1957)
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