The Italian Communist Party is founded at Livorno (1921)
Vladimir Lenin dies; a lengthy power struggle emerges between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin begins (1924)
Alger Hiss is convicted of perjury (1950)
President Jimmy Carter pardons nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders (1977)
At 7:35 EST, Barack Obama retakes the botched Presidential Oath of Office, again administered by Chief Justice John G. Roberts, before four print journalists (2009)
b: Ivan Ribar (1881), Roger Baldwin (1884), Konrad Emil Bloch (1912); d: King Louis XVI of France executed (1793), Vladimir Lenin (1924)
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