John C. Calhoun becomes the first U.S. Vice President to resign (1832)
Osceola leads his Seminole warriors in Florida into the Second Seminole War against the U.S. Army (1835)
The Endangered Species Act is passed in the U.S. (1973)
Senegalese Marxist group Reenu-Rew founds the political movement And-Jëf at a clandestine congress (1974)
President Barack Obama breaks 3-day silence to make his first public remarks on the Christmas Day attempted bombing of Northwest Airlines Flight 253 (2009)
b: Woodrow Wilson (1856), Erich Mielke (1907); d: Victor Emmanuel III (1947)
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