Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky is assassinated (1918)
Animal Farm by George Orwell is first published (1945)
East German border guards kill 18-year-old Peter Fechter as he attempts to cross the Berlin Wall into West Berlin becoming one of the first victims of the wall (1962)
b: Marcus Garvey (1887), Harry Hopkins (1890), Jiang Zemin (1927), Sean Penn (1960); d: Rudolf Hess (1987)
Prog tradition 'On this day' by RSS or via daily email.