The Central African Republic declares independence from France (1960)
The German Democratic Republic closes the border between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin to thwart its inhabitants' attempts to escape to the West (1961)
156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi (2004)
b: Fidel Castro (1926), Lars Engqvist (1945); d: David Lange (2005), Dobby Walker (2009)
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