Simón Bolívar triumphs over Spain in the Battle of Boyacá (1819)
The U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces (1964)
California judge Harold Haley is taken hostage in his courtroom and killed during in an effort to free George Jackson from police custody (1970)
b: Frank Fitzsimmons (1908), Jonathan Pollard (1954)
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