City of Providence, Rhode Island forms (1636)
Nazi Germans massacre Polish scientists and writers in the captured Polish city of Lwów (1941)
President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act into United States law (1966)
b: Meyer Lansky (1902), George Steinbrenner (1930); d: Élisée Reclus (1905), Gerda Steinhoff (1946)
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