Mexico ratifies the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo thus ending the war and ceding California, Nevada, Utah and parts of four other modern-day U.S. states to the United States for $15 million (1848)
The U.S. Congress passes the Emergency Quota Act establishing national quotas on immigration (1921)
The Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union is established (1922)
President Barack Obama announces plans to create new automobile fuel efficiency standards by 2016, in order to reduce the U.S. contribution to global warming (2009)
b: Henri de Saint-Simon (1825), Ho Chi Minh (1890), Pol Pot (1928), Malcolm X (1925), James P. Hoffa (1941); d: Philipp Bouhler (1945)
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