President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a "bank holiday", closing all U.S. banks and freezing all financial transactions (1933)
In Germany, the National Socialist Workers Party wins 44 percent of the vote in parliamentary elections (1933)
Members of Soviet politburo sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, known also as the Katyn Massacre (1940)
Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc (1946)
b: Rosa Luxemburg (1871), Set Persson (1897), Zhou Enlai (1898); d: Joseph Stalin [born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili] (1953)
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